The historical centers of production of samovars
Today the industrial production of samovars is only in Tula, in the famous factory stamp. Historically, that Tula, in which there were many skilled armourers, enthusiastically took up the development of new, at that time, the industry for the manufacture of samovars. The first samovar factories in Tula opened in 1778. But as often happens, the mass production of new inventions developed entirely in the wrong place, in which it originated.The first center for industrial production of samovars, apparently, was the village Suksun (Perm krai). For information about the early production of samovars in Suksun at the local iron works Demidov, contradictory. But for a number of indirect references in the written sources of the time it is safe to say that in the 1740s that production already existed. In the middle of the XIX century copper stocks were depleted Suksun field, however, by the time the local craftsmen, manufacturing samovars have reached such heights in his craft, which proved to be profitable to import copper from the outside. Production continued in Suksun samovars cottage format. Samovar cooperative consisted of multiple artists with apprentices, each of which had a shop on his land, and specialized in any one type of work. For the manufacture of samovars used horse-drawn machines. Suksun samovars repeatedly took prizes at Russian and foreign exhibitions. Unfortunately, the production of samovars in Suksun stopped shortly after the 1917 revolution. Today the samovar past this village resembles a samovar in the arms and the monument Suksun samovar (samovar, surrounded by four human sculptures), set in a local park in 2006.In the first half of the XIX century Tula samovars manufacturers competed actively Silin Moscow factory, partially satisfying the high demand for the samovar in the metropolitan area (Moscow and Moscow region). But then, this factory is gone from the scene.Another center of samovar production is astounding. From Russia, our story is suddenly transferred to Iran, Boroujerdi in the city. This is a traditional Persian samovar manufacturing center. Unfortunately, little information about them. Argued that the samovars in Iran (Persia) made nearly two centuries. And there are models that work on the fuel oil, which is understandable from the point of view of local realities. The similarity of appearance and design, as well as the name of the Iranian «samavar» (an obvious calque from Russian samovar word) indicates that the Persian samovars are descended from Russian samovars, tentatively brought here in the late XVIII-early XIX century. When finishing the Iranian samovars used motifs of traditional Persian art. Today they are still made in several shops of the city Boroujerdi.