The device of the samovar
Shop and tavern samovars
At the end of the XIX century in place of old sbitennikov in shops samovars came "store" samovars with a flip-flop, like a bucket, a pen. They were comfortable to wear in one hand, using hot sbit or tea for fairs at fairs, they could be taken out for picnics or country parties.
With the spread of tea and tea in Russia, there is another type of samovar - tavern. As a rule, this is a huge, volumetric samovar of the simplest form, it stood near the stove so that the smoke could escape through the stove heater and boiled in it at once a large amount of water. The volume of such samovars was usually 15, 27, 45 and even 70 liters. Boiled water from these samovars was then bottled in glasses or cups for customers, as well as in small kettles "on the side of the handle": they had a long spout that allowed to add boiling water from behind those sitting at the table.
Units for heating water in other countries
In the last century, European scientists, publishing and describing the bronze autopsa (authepsa) found in Pompeii, a samovar store, claimed that this was the "first samovar". Autepsa is reminiscent of a Roman fortress in miniature, made of bronze, square in plan and surrounded by double crenellated walls filled with water. In the middle, hot coals were laid, over which one could cook food by installing a cauldron on the tripod. At the same time, the water heated in the double walls, then it was released through the tap. Such devices in Southern Italy and Greece also served for heating the dwelling, along with roasters and portable ovens. Pompeii also found "self-heating" vessels. Caeda (caeda) served for the preparation of hot wine, or rather a mixture of wine, honey and water. Such bronze vessels were very expensive. Kaeda, found during the excavation of a rich villa in Pompeii, a Roman city that died during the eruption of the volcano Vesuvius in the first century AD, was a magnificent bronze vase with a faucet, an arched lid and three animal legs. In the middle, empty space, equipped with a grid at the bottom, coal was put. Around this space was a drink, through a horizontal tube it poured out, and through a vertical diverting tube, connected with the first, steam came out. On the other hand, a beverage was added through a tube with a funnel shaped like a bowl. The vessel was closed with a lid, excluding openings above the space for the coals.