TULA - CITY - HERO
March. On the night of the third, the governor and other local officials of the tsarist government were arrested. Gendarmes and police are disarmed. On March 3-5, the Council of Workers and the Council of Soldiers' Deputies were formed, which later merged into a single Soviet of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies. The bourgeoisie formed its authority - the executive committee of public organizations, which became the organ of the Provisional Government. In Tula, as well as throughout Russia, there was a dual power. But for a number of reasons, the Socialist-Revolutionary Menshevik Council soon issued a decree that its decisions were only of moral force. In fact, he resigned from the authority of the authority. Despite the conciliatory position of the Mensheviks, the Tula Bolsheviks at the end of March, contrary to the objections of members of the organization GN Kaminsky, MF Shurdukov, Ya. I. Ulyanov, AI Sorokin, went on to unite with the Mensheviks, which was their serious Error.
April. In Tula, the Latvian, Polish-Lithuanian and military social-democratic organizations were formed. The first almost immediately abandoned the unifying tendencies. The latter two, although they joined the united organization, but the leadership in them remained Bolshevik.
May. The April theses of VI Lenin, the decisions of the Seventh All-Russian (April) Conference, the persistent explanatory work of the Central Committee and the Moscow bureau of the RSDLP (b) helped the Tula Bolsheviks to understand the fallacy of unification with the Mensheviks. On May 14, a meeting of the Bolshevik group of Tula decided to withdraw from the united organization, and on May 28 this decision was confirmed when 80 Bolsheviks left the general meeting. On the same day, the first legal Tula Committee of the Bolsheviks was elected as part of GN Kaminsky, SS Kolesnikov, AI Kaul, VA Kulnev, VS Mikheev, AN Sorokin, P A. Veprintseva, M. F. Shurdukova, K. P. Sakharov, D. G. Prokudin.
June July. The Menshevik-Socialist-Revolutionary Council forbade the participation of Tula in the All-Russian demonstration appointed by the Party Central Committee on June 18. But the excitement in the city on this day occurred. They were caused by the publication of an order to send the revolutionary units of the garrison: the 31st regiment to the front, and the 30th to Kharkov. The farewells of the 30th Regiment, held on the day of the Petrograd demonstration on June 18, resulted in a revolutionary demonstration of soldiers and workers under Bolshevik slogans.
One of the leaders of the military social-democratic organization in Tula, NA Rudnev, later a hero of the Civil War, chief of staff of the 5th Ukrainian Army, who died in October 1918, on behalf of the Regimental Committee of the 30th Regiment, which he headed, July 3 1917 appealed to the Bolsheviks, workers and soldiers of Tula with a farewell letter, in which he called for a struggle for peace, land, for the power of the Soviets. Soldiers' unrest in the city was expanding. At a rally on June 23 the soldiers of the garrison demanded the dispersal of the Menshevik-Socialist-Revolutionary Council in Tula, and a little later the soldiers of the 31st regiment dispersed their regimental committee, elected a new one, and arrested the regimental commander. The command of the garrison, with the help of the Mensheviks and Socialist-Revolutionaries, succeeded in suppressing unrest in the regiment and sending it to the front.